DOLOMITES, FORNI DI SOPRA
The Friulian Dolomites are the wildest mountains of the Dolomite chains. Located very far from roads, structures and ski facilities, they are uncrowded and offer unique landscapes.
If you are looking for a place to live the Dolomites in absolute silence, the Friulian Dolomites are the right place for you!
The sharp peaks and the wildest alpine meadows cannot be reached by car or lift but on foot, along the paths of the Friulian Dolomites Natural Park. Refuges and bivouacs offer refreshment and overnight in front of the ridges and forks!
Everything extraordinarily exciting!
Emotions capture you from the first contact, just a few steps and you will be surrounded by an unspoiled natural paradise. Extended valleys, with no main roads and towns, penetrate among Dolomite peaks elevating the Natural Park of the Friulian Dolomites to the degree of “wilderness”, ideal place for naturalistic excursions and trekking. Away from city bustle and modern life stress, you are in a silent quiet, important factor in improving our quality of life. Contemplative walks, rock climbing; observe nature or just relax in a pleasant idleness.
The Friulian Dolomites are characterized by a high degree of wilderness. Here, more than in other places, it is possible to admire all the power of nature with modest signs of anthropization.
GENERAL MAP OF DOLOMITES - UNESCO SITE
THE MAP OF THE FRIULIAN DOLOMITES
One of the most spectacular views of the Friulian Dolomites can also be had from the window of your home or hotel! The Alpine Pearl of Forni di Sopra (UD) allows you to enjoy a spectacular sunrise or sunset over the Dolomites even from the central square of the village. The north-east walls of the Friulian Dolomites, which overlook the village of Forni di Sopra, are the first to be illuminated by the morning sun. The moment when the first sun illuminates the Dolomites is an extraordinary gift from nature. The phenomenon is called alpenglow and repeats itself at every sunrise and every sunset in good weather: the clear rock of the Dolomites takes on a spectacular color between pink and orange with different shades depending on the weather conditions.
What are the main peaks of the Friulian Dolomites?
From north to south: the Cridola mountain (2,581 m), the Monfalconi (Cima Monfalcon 2,548 m) - inside which is the spectacular Campanile di Val Montanaia (2,173 m) - the Spalti di Toro (Cadin di Toro 2,386 m) and the Duranno group (2,652 m) -Cima Preti (2,706 m).
The Natural Park of Friulan Dolomites
Everything extraordinarily exciting
The Regional Natural Park of the Friulian Dolomites was established by the Regional Law of the Autonomous Region of Friuli – Venezia Giulia on September 30th 1996. The Park is included in the mountain area above the high Friuli- Venetian plain. The protected area extends from the province of Pordenone to that of Udine and embraces Valcellina (municipalities of Andreis, Cimolais, Claut, Erto and Casso), the Upper Valley of Tagliamento (Forni di Sopra, Forni di Sotto municipalities) and territories converging towards Val Tramontina (municipalities of Frisanco and Tramonti di Sopra).
Extension of Park
The Natural Park of the Friulian Dolomites is the largest of the only two parks in Friuli-Venezia Giulia: with an area of 36,950 hectares. Nearby there is also the Regional Nature Reserve of the Cellina Gorge (304 hectares), managed by the Park itself.
Territory of Park
The Natural Park of the Friulian Dolomites is a paradise for naturalistic hiking and trekking; all activities are guaranteed by an adequate network of trails and several support structures (huts – shelters, bivouacs). The territory, considered of great geological, environmental and natural interest, is characterized by a high degree of wilderness, particularly noticeable thanks to the absence of communication roads (there are only a few ways of penetration into the valley and service slopes not connected among the large valleys) and also difficult to find, by extension, in other areas of the Alps. The chain Monfacloni with the Campanile of Val Montanaia, the “Canpuros” high altitude grasslands, the pastures of Senons and wilderness of the Meduna Channels, make it a unique environment. Connected to the park there is also the nearby Natural Reserve of the Cellina Gorge, significant and spectacular engraving that the Cellina stream has dug in the limestone layers among Barcis, Andreis and Montereale Valcellina before its outlet in the Friulian plain. The morphology of these mountains reveals a remarkable and continuous evolution of the territory demonstrated by the presence of faults, thrust faults and fractures in opposition to moraines and earth pyramids due to the excavation and deposit of ancient glaciers; peaks and dolomite towers (Campanile of Val Montanaia), as well as rock layers with many different characteristics (the San Daniele “books”) also indicate an intense alpine erosion.
The area is affected by three major tectonic lines: “Upper Tagliamento line”, “Overthrust Duranno Monte Alto Meduna” and ” Periadriatic Overthrust (or fault)”. The latter can be easily identified in the Andreis area, south of Mount Raut, which determines a singular landscape. Another factor that has characterized the geomorphological aspect of the inland areas, was the widespread presence of glaciers, lasted until a few thousand years ago, in all the valleys of the pre-Alpine area. The proofs are highlighted by some valley sections and large and small glacial “circuses” modeled in the mountainous sides. We must also remember the great deposits of the Monte Toc landslide (or Vajont), evoking the catastrophe of 1963 and constituting a single example of a colossal landslide.
STORY OF DOLOMITES FRIULANE NATURAL PARK:
The idea of establishing a nature reserve in the western part of the Region Friuli Venezia Giulia was born in 1973 with the document “First Proposals for the establishment of a Park in Alta Valcellina”. Five years later was drafted the Regional Urban Plan which identified the regional areas to be protected and within it was also included this territory field.
In the three years 1986/1989 was drafted the Plan of Conservation and Development on behalf of the Region and in consultation with the municipalities involved. The following year the municipalities of Andreis, Cimolais, Claut, Erto and Casso and Forni di Sopra adopted the Plan and the Park was established under the name of “Park of the Carnic Pre-Alps”; later, in 1991, with the support also of Forni di Sotto Municipality was signed an agreement that created a “Coordinating Committee” which occupied the start management of the protected area. The initiative to decide which the protected area were to be, at the beginning, was started by the local authorities concerned.
Finally in 1996, the Region Friuli Venezia Giulia promulgates the Regional Law #42 of September 30th , which, in adaptation to the national legislation (Law 394/1991), permanently establishes the “Regional Natural Park of the Friulian Dolomites”.
The park has as its general objective the preservation of the peculiarities of the area by improving the natural environment and its resources, but also to pursue a compatible development also proposing alternative models, promoting the naturalistic culture through educational activities and information and setting up research and monitoring activities on the territory.
The area of the Natural Park of the Friulian Dolomites concerns inhabited environments, although the presence of man and its work has left significant traces. In fact in different areas of the park we can find many structures (furnaces) for the manufacturing of lime.
Restoration and preservation of traditions are one of the Park’s objectives and that helped to support initiatives and projects like that of charcoal, old process for the transformation of wood into charcoal. Throughout the territory we can also find huts, ruins of shelters for shepherds, mule tracks, paths and numerous other signs of human presence in total respect of the environmental and natural balance.
The Natural Park of the Friulian Dolomites is also tasked to enhance and preserve these historical signs that are part of the precious ethnographic and natural heritage. Environmental ethics and respect of nature values were much more rooted in our ancestors that lived in symbiosis with the environment trying to respect it as much as possible, because it was the main source of livelihood, from which they took the raw materials for their work.
The park protagonists:
Wish to fly is the first feeling when you look silently the majestic golden eagle flight, the only true queen of each valley. Or the desire to jump like the Alpine ibexes that you may see along the steep paths. The entire Natural Park of the Friulian Dolomites is full of life, it is easy to meet, on your way, herds of deer, chamois and roe deer. See grouses or black grouses escaping from your path. Observe young marmots run after each other. Unforgettable moments!
Winter between snow and ice
In winter, the Natural Park of the Friulian Dolomites glows of a special light and the landscape becomes a fairy-tale. Walks with cross-country skis or snowshoes, ski mountaineering in quiet places full of magic, climbing courses on frozen waterfalls, just those thrilling attractions that you can try in the winter months. Rediscover the positive side of the sub-zero!
Summer between scents and colors
Imagine a deep blue sky, bright green valleys, red mountains at sunset, hear the gurgle of clear streams: here you are in the Natural Park of the Friulian Dolomites. 37,000 hectares of colors and scents. You will be enchanted in front of the white and delicate Huter Sandstone or intense blue Gentian Froelich, while the scent of nature instills a feeling of instant wellness. Everywhere you can breathe fresh smells, strong like the pine or delicate like the wild orchid.
Surrounded by the peaks of Monfalconi, that shoot up into the sky in the middle of a glacial basin, here rises, solitary and hieratic, the Peak of Val Montanaia, universally recognized as the symbol of Val Cimoliana, the Park’s heart. You will be delighted in front of this imposing tower pointing to the sky, climbed for the first time in 1902 by the Austrians Saar and Von Glanvell, which is now essential destination for any climbing enthusiast. Surprising are the fossilized footprints of dinosaurs that can be observed at Casavento while to see the curious erosion phenomenon of San Daniele Books on Mount Borgà you have to reach an altitude of 2200 meters.